The Beard(s)more One-Name Study

A world-wide, all eras genealogical database of information about people named Beardmore, Beardsmore, Beadmore, Beadsmoore, Berdmore and all other variants of the surname (but not Beard or Beadman).

Formerly Registered with the Guild of One-Name Studies - Member no. 2221

I have been gathering Beard(s)more data for several years, although I must confess it is not yet coherently organised. I have many extracts from the LDS Church's IGI (International Genealogical Index), old parish registers, General Register Office birth, marriage and death indexes, copies of actual b/m/d certificates, post-1858 will indexes, census returns (including a full UK breakdown for 1881) and many other sources. I also have contacts with a number of Beardmore families and researchers at home and abroad. Sadly, one of my most helpful contacts, Dennis W Beardmore, of Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada, who had also accumulated a wealth of data in earlier years, passed away on 26 Jan 99. However, his papers have been donated to the BMSGH (Birmingham and Midlands Society for Geneaology and Heraldry) and will in due course be available for study at the Society's premises in Birmingham. Another indefatigable researcher, Olive Dale (neé Beardmore), who passed away some years ago, left all her papers in the care of the William Salt Library at Stafford (acquisition no. 213/79). The Salt Library is run as an extension of the adjacent Staffordshire County Record Office and the papers may be examined by prior appointment.

Articles and other items to view

Where are we from? The origins of the name

Beardmore Coats of Arms

A prominent Beardmore - William, engineer and shipbuilder

Blacksmith Beardmores of Checkley and the Teans, Staffs

(Beardmore of Uplands, Fareham, Hants)

Clerics, Scholars, Soldiers - and a Dentist (Scrope and other Berdmore forenames)

A Far-Flung Family - England, Queensland and Ontario (and forenames Owen and Wathen)

Beard(s)mores of the Black Country and Beyond

Where are we from? The origins of the name

The late Olive Dale (see above) spent many years studying and transcribing old records throughout Staffordshire and elsewhere in her search for Beardmore origins and family links. The earliest record of a recognisable variant which she unearthed was of Richard de Berdesmor, in 1290 in Whiston, Froghall and Kingsley, all close together in north Staffordshire, not far from the Derbyshire border. It is not known whether he was of Norman or Saxon stock, but his first wife Matilda was said to be a sister of the King (Henry III did have a sister named Matilda, who had three husbands, but none of them was this Richard). 'Our' Richard and his Matilda had one son, also named Richard, and his second wife (? Phillipa) bore two more sons, William and Robert, before Richard died in 1295. His son Richard is recorded at Whiston in 1311, with his surname then spelled de Berdmore.

An authority on Staffordshire place-names, Dr Oakden, of St Andrew's University, Fife, confirmed a place of Berdmore at Whiston in the 13th Century. The name seems to derive from Old English 'berd', meaning border or edge (including hillside) and OE 'mor', moorland, marsh, mere or fen. This indicates a location probably on the edge of Whiston Moor (the present day remnant of which is Whiston Common), and there is indeed a place Beardmore on a hillside, close to the hamlet of Whiston Leys.

After the turn-of-the-13th Century references, above, there is an apparent gap of more than two centuries before variants begin to appear in the earliest surviving parish registers at Alton, Cotton, Farley, Kingsley, Leek and Whiston and elsewhere, all in the same original area of north Staffordshire. Olive Dale maintained that the Beardmores of Kingsley were descended from the second Richard, those of Leek from his half-brother William, and those of Alton, Cotton and Farley from his other half-brother, Robert. Whatever the truth of that claim, it is certainly reasonable to assume a probable common origin, which in turn derives from a place-name.

In the following four centuries the name spread steadily outward rather like pond ripples, moving most notably over the border into Derbyshire and across to Nottinghamshire, as well as southward through Staffordshire into Worcestershire and Warwickshire. In the 19th Century, additional concentrations began to build in Lancashire and there were the inevitable London examples. The principal variant, Beardsmore, became most common in what used to be South Staffs and the Worcester enclave of Dudley, also in Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire (though there is no obvious connection between the geographically-separate groups). 19th Century emmigration spread the name to Australia, New Zealand, Canada and the United States, while by the end of the 20th Century holders of the name were to be found in virtually every English county, though it remains rare in the rest of the UK.

There also seems to have been a Beardmore group in the Somerset/Devon area from possibly medieval times, the 'proper' spelling in that area now being Beadmore. I have not found any connection with the main Staffordshire group and it is possible the West Country variant is completely separate, perhaps coming from a similar 'moor's edge' origination.

Another localised variant, again possibly quite unconnected and merely similar in spelling, is Birdmore, which was more-or-less confined to Hampshire until the 20th Century.

Back to Article list

Beardmore Coats of Arms

Enquirers often ask whether there is a Beardmore 'Coat of Arms' (the proper name is actually 'Achievement of Arms'). There have certainly been at least three ancestral lines awarded achievements in comparitively recent times, as follows. Please note that, strictly speaking, only direct descendants of these lines - and there are none of the first two - would be entitled to use them, and then only in slightly modified form.

The first few editions of Burke's Landed Gentry include reference to Beardmore of Uplands. From the 1849 edition: "Beardmore, John, Esq., of Uplands, co. Hants, M.A., of Jesus College, Cambridge, b. 8 Sep 1816; a magistrate of the county, and barrister-at-Law of Lincoln's Inn. Mr Beardmore served as high-sheriff of Hampshire in 1846. Lineage: late John Beardmore, Esq., b. 1751, only son of John Beardmore, Esq., and grandson of John Beardmore, Esq., of Somerset, m. Maria-Margaret, eldest dau. of John Parke, Esq., by Hannah, his wife, dau. of Col. Burnett (a descendent of Bishop Burnett's) and by her (who d. the Aug previous) he left at his decease an only son, the present John Beardmore, Esq., of Uplands. Arms: Or, a chev. sa., between three Moor's heads proper. Crest: a griffin's head erased. Motto: Providentiae nec committo. Seat: Uplands, near Fareham, Hants." For further details of this line, see A Succession of Johns, below.

There is no set shape for a shield, but the general convention in illustrating blazons is a straight line across the top, the sides then dropping straight down then curving-in to join in a 'V' at the bottom'. This is known as the 'heater' shape. A common variant has the bottom in one smooth curve approaching a full semi-circle. Less often, the top may be a double scallop instead of straight across. In the 'Beardmore of Uplands' case, the shield has a base colour of gold ('or') with a black ('sa') chevron (an inverted 'V') superimposed, and with three Moor's heads (that is, negro heads facing left as you look at the shield) rendered in natural colour ('proper') arranged around the chevron. ('Moor' is an early English term for negro, and perhaps points to the first black people to be seen in England as coming from or through Morocco - and, of course, Shakespeare's 'Black Prince', Othello, was a Moor). Here, the moor's head seems to be a pun on the second part of the name Beardmore.

On top of the shield would be a helm, and as John Beardmore was an Esquire this would be a closed or close-vizored steel helm, facing left, not quite full sideways but somewhat turned towards the front. On top of the helm is the crest, in this case a griffin's head facing left. The griffin is a mythical beast, it has ears and an eagle-like beak and normally shows no tongue (or only a small one inside its open beak), unlike the heraldic lion, which looks quite like a griffin but has a long, protruding (and often curled) tongue. The word 'erased' refers to the particular way in which the head is detached - in this instance it means torn off to give a jagged look.

Sir William Beardmore, Bart., achievement

The shipbuilding magnate, William Beardmore, was created a baronet in 1914 and promoted to Baron Invernairn in 1921. His life story is detailed in A Prominent Beardmore, below. The accompanying illustration, from the 1916 edition of Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage', shows his achievement thus: " Tierced in fesse arg. sa. and of the first, eight wolf tails couped three two and three counterchanged. Crest: A wolf rampant or guardant par fesse sa. and arg. Motto: Providentia me committo. " This may be translated as a shield divided into three ('tierced') equal-depth parts horizontally (as indicated by 'fesse'), the top and bottom segments coloured silver ('arg.') and the fesse band black ('sa.'). Eight wolf tails cut off at the base ('couped') are arranged down the bands in a three-two-three pattern and are coloured either black or silver in opposition ('counterchanged') to their background band. The crest is a wolf in profile ('rampant' - one hind foot on the ground, the other three raised, tail erect) which may have its head turned, looking towards the observer ('guardant') instead of the normal 'rampant' facing left. The wolf is divided at its fesse point, the top half being black ('sa.'), the bottom silver ('arg.')'

It appears that upon his promotion to Baron, a revised achievement was drawn up (it would have to be changed, in any case, because of the different helm and other features applicable to the new rank), for that is what seems to be described in Armorial families: a directory of gentlemen of coat-armour, compiled by Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, facsimile reprinted by Davis & Charles, 1970." Argent, a fesse between three wolves' tails sable. Mantling: sable and argent. Crest: on a wreath of the colours, a wolf rampant regardant sable. Supporters: on either side a stag regardant proper, gorged with a collar, pendant therefrom an escutcheon or, that on the dexter charged with a rose gules, barbed and seeded proper, that on the sinister charged with a thistle leaved and slipped also proper. Badge: two wolves' tails in saltire sable enfiled with a Baron's coronet or. Motto: Providentia me committo.

So, the shield is silver ('argent') with a black ('sable') horizontal band across at the centre position ('fesse'), the band being not less than one-fifth nor more than one-third the depth of the shield, and three black wolves' tails arranged two above and one below the black band. The mantling is supposedly a protective drapery, flowing from the helm or, as in this case, the coronet of rank, down behind and around the shield - 'sable and argent' is black and silver. The crest comprises a small wreath of the main colours of the arms (black and silver) in six twists, on top of the shield, with a black ('sable') wolf, erect, in profile, one hind paw grounded, the other three and the tail being raised (all this is 'rampant') and having its head turned back to look over the shoulder ('regardant'). On either side of the shield stands a stag, naturally coloured and 'regardant', each wearing a collar from which hangs an escutcheon, a small, shield-shape pendant in gold and with a border. The escutcheon on the left-side stag as you face the shield (the 'dexter' side) bears a red ('gules') rose with green sepals and gold centre seeds ('barbed and seeded'), that on the right-hand side ('sinister') bears a natural colour thistle with green stem and two leaves ('leaved and slipped')."

The badge is not part of the achievement, but a more personal and less strictly controlled device often used on notepaper and the family silver! 'Saltire' indicates a St Andrew type cross, so it suggests a shield shape with two black wolves' tails crossed, with the coronet of a Baron, which has four silver balls, mounted over the tails.

John Beardmore's motto translates as "Not comitted to providence", whereas William's is "I comit myself to providence". Did William deliberately choose his in opposition to John, I wonder?

Both the foregoing lines are extinct, but one other is possibly still ongoing. In Sir Bernard Burke's The General Armory of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales, 1884 edition, is the entry: "Berdmore, or Beardmore. Per fesse arg and gu on the first a chev sa and on the second another or. Crest: on a mitre sa, semée of crosses pattée ar, a chev of the last." This family, more details of which appear below in Clerics, Soldiers - and a Dentist, are found with both surname variants recorded in the early 18th Century, but had become solidly Berdmore some time before 1800. The blazon here tells that the shield is divided horizontally at the mid-point ('per fesse') the top part being silver ('arg') and the bottom red ('gu'). Superimposed on the top ('first') is a black ('sa') chevron (inverted 'V'-shape band), with a similar black chevron superimposed on the bottom ('second') half. No helm is mentioned and since I think it possible these are clerical arms, there may have been none, the crest standing in place. The crest is a black ('sa') Bishop's hat ('mitre') with a scattering of small, silver ('ar') pattée-shape crosses and a silver chevron all superimposed.

Berdmore's bookplate

A bookplate, copy of which was kindly passed to me by Elizabeth Milewicz and Keith Kennedy Tyson, of Tasmania, belonging to a member of this family, Scrope Berdmore, Warden of Merton College, Oxford, from 1790-1810 (the bookplate is actually dated 1790), shows (assuming the hatchings employed follow the normal convention) 'or three chevronels the first and third per pale az and gu, the second counterchanged' impaled with 'arg five lozenges conjoined in cross between four heathcocks sa'. So, Scrope's own arms on the left side of the shield have a gold ('or') field on which are three chevronels (an inverted 'V'-shape band thinner than a chevron), each of which are divided down the centre, the top ('first') and bottom ('third') being blue ('az') on the left and red ('gu') on the right, the middle ('second') one being red on the left and blue on the right ('counterchanged'). The arms of his father-in-law (or wife if she was an heraldic heiress) on the right half of the shield are a silver ('arg') background with five black diamonds arranged to form a cross shape, with points just touching, in the centre, and two black moorcocks each above and below (the moorcock is a heraldic bird, somewhat cockerel-ish, with a head crest, open beak, rather prominent claws and distinctive tail feathers shooting off 90 degrees from the bottom of its body. I do not yet know whether Scrope's arms were authorised before or after the apparent clerical arms of the same family described earlier. Any additional information, including confirmation or correction of the tinctures (colours) will be very welcome.

Back to Article list

A Prominent Beardmore - William, Engineer and Shipbuilder

William Beardmore, later Baron Invernairn, was born at Greenwich, Kent, on 16 Oct 1856, first son of William Beardmore of Parkhead, Glasgow, and Sophie Louisa Holfman (Halpman in the IGI), who were not themselves married until 8 Jul 1861 at Duddington, Midlothian. William junior was educated at Glasgow High School and Ayr Academy, completing his studies at The Royal Technical College, Glasgow, and the Royal School of Mines, South Kensington, London. He served his apprenticeship at Parkhead Forge, founded in 1837 and soon after taken over by David Napier but of which William senior had become a partner in 1861. William junior also attended evening classes at Anderson's College, where he studied chemistry and mathematics.

William senior died in Brighton on 11 Oct 1877, whereupon William junior became a partner in the growing engineering business, which specialised in the manufacture of armour plate and boiler plate and which had been built up by his father and his uncle, Isaac, who had become a partner in 1871. Soon after the latter's retirement, William re-founded the business in his own name and it eventually gained worldwide fame as an engineering and shipbuilding firm.

Over the years, new plate mills, open hearth steel plant, a steel foundry and a large forging press and tyre mill to supply the railway industry had been added. In 1899 the Govan shipyard on the Clyde of the insolvent Robert Napier & Sons was acquired and modernised. By 1900, the works and yards covered some 45 acres in and around Glasgow, and employed close to 40,000, making it the largest single undertaking ever in Scotland up to that time. However, in 1902 William ran out of credit and was forced to form the business into a limited liability company, William Beardmore & Co Ltd, by exchanging 60% of capital with Vickers, Son & Maxim for an equivalent stake in that company and a seat on the Board, Vickers thereafter providing finance. In the same year, William acquired a controlling interest in the motor manufacturers Arroll Johnston. Gun-making plant was then installed at Parkhead, the Mossend Steel Works bought and many houses bought or built for shipbuilding workers at Dalmuir, which boasted the largest fitting-out basin in the world.

In the period 1906-19, Beardmore's built four battleships, seven cruisers, 21 destroyers, 13 submarines, 24 hospital ships and a seaplane carrier. Its contribution to Britain's war effort during the First World War included 73 warships, 50 tanks, 516 aircraft and more than 800 6-inch howitzers. This was not accomplished without some industrial unrest, however, and the then prime minister, David Lloyd George, in his war memoirs, mentions a visit he made to the works to meet with striking trades union leaders in an effort to resolve the dispute.

During and immediately after the war, William continued to acquire other firms and enlarge and modernise existing businesses. Some were Beardmore & Co subsidiaries, others owned outright. He was convinced that trade would expand post-war and planned other activities beside the established engineering and shipbuilding. Railway locomotives and motor vehicles (including buses), aircraft and marine steam and oil engines were all put into production at various plants. The firm continued to produce fine ships, including liners and cargo vessels such as Empress of France, Lancastria, Cameronia, Conte Rosso, Conte Verde, Largs Bay, Esperance Bay and Duchess of Athol, and in April 1925 the largest vessel ever built at the yard, the 23,121-ton Conte Biancamano for Lloyd Sabaudo. It also turned out the cruiser Shropshire and two submarines for the Royal Navy. William Beardmore was especially proud of the R-34, built by his firm and the first airship to complete the double-crossing of the Atlantic.

Other aviation ventures were less successful, and William's post-war hopes and planes misfired, so that after 1920 nearly every department and subsidiary began to lose money. (ironically, the basic Beardmore design for a London taxi-cab remained in production until the 1960s!). The firm began to borrow more and cut back on costs. In 1926 Vickers, often unhappy with William's management, sold its holding to him and pulled out. Soon after, an accountant was called in and his report, severely critical of William's management, showed the company was virtually bankrupt. The banks and Treasury refused to make any more funds available and William financed operations out of his own pocket until he was ousted from executive control by a Bank of England-guided committee of investigation and reconstruction. In 1930 the shipyard was acquired by National Shipbuilder's Security Ltd. Over the next few years William oversaw the run down and dissolution of many of his privately-owned businesses.

William Beardmore & Co continued in business on a reduced scale, initially under the control of Sir William Lithgow, and finally ceased trading in 1975. The Parkhead works were subsequently swept away and the site is now occupied by a large retail shopping development of some 35,000 sq ft, named 'The Forge'.

Although described as autocratic in his staff relations, William was regarded as a fair and just employer, and he was for many years an actively involved chairman of The Industrial Welfare Society. He was also at one time president of the Iron and Steel Institute. He was a keen sportsman and also interested in Antarctic exploration, sponsoring Sir Ernest Shackleton's 1907 expedition (his firm also provided specially designed vehicles for crossing the snow fields), and was rewarded by having the world's largest glacier, in the Ross Basin, named after him.

William Beardmore was created a Baronet in 1914, and elevated to Baron Invernairn in 1921 (see also Beardmore Coats of Arms, above). He married Eliza Small Tullis, born 1871, eldest daughter of David and Christina of Glencairn, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire, in 1902. She was 15 years his junior. David Tullis was Director of the St Ann's Leatherworks, Bridgeton, William having been elected to the Board of John Tullis & Son four years earlier. About the time of his marriage, William purchased Flichity (sometimes 'Flichty') House in Inverness-shire, with its 3,000 acre sporting estate. It became his principal home, and he much extended and improved the estate. He also leased Tullichewan House in Alexandria, Dumbartonshire, as a West of Scotland residence.

In later years, Eliza was known as Elspeth, Lady Invernairn. She and William had no children. William died at home at Flichity on 9 Apr 1936 of heart failure, having outlived his last surviving nephew. He was buried on the estate a few days' later. He left everything to Eliza/Elspeth, the estate being valued at £858,092, but after tax and other liabilities the net value was reduced to £83,270 (still a substantial sum prior to World War II, but only a small fraction of his worth in the peak times).

William's father, also William, was the first born (baptised 1 May 1825, Greenwich) of Joseph (c. 1799 - 14 May 1872) and Ann (c.1803 - 7 Apr 1873). Joseph was first Superintendent of the Deptford Works of the General Steam Navigation Co. William senior was apprenticed to his father about 1838 and later became his assistant. While at Deptford he devised a new furnace box that reduced the smoke produced by river steamers. His inventiveness brought him into contact with James Napier, marine engineer and son of Robert, and his brother-in-law William Rigby, manager of Robert Napier's Parkhead Forge in east Glasgow. In due course these two Williams co-operated on the development of marine engines and became partners in the forge after Rigby purchased it from Napier in 1861.

William senior's younger siblings were Joseph (c.1829 - 1 Sep 1882), who never married and was the only Beardmore still living in Kent in 1881, George (c.1831 - 29 Apr 1871), Mary (baptised 5 May 1833, Deptford), Isaac and Sarah (possibly twins, as both baptised at Deptford 18 Dec 1836), Peter (baptised 25 May 1838, Greenwich - 1 Feb 1871) and Lucy Knott and Maria Margret (again, possibly twins, as both baptised 4 Dec 1842, Deptford). Most of the males became engineers, although Peter was a ship and insurance broker. Note that both parents and two of the children all died between 1871-73, at which time they were resident at The Stowage, Deptford.

I am deeply indebted to Brian Tullis, of Kalamunda, Western Australia, for much additional material incorporated in the foregoing in this February 2001 revision, and which also corrects the previous version here and there. Brian has done much research on both his Tullis line and on Sir William Beardmore and his empire and has been most generous in sharing his findings.

Back to Article list

Blacksmith Beardmores of Checkley and the Teans, Staffs

BEARDMOREs of Checkley (including Upper/Over and Lower/Nether Tean), Staffs

The following is derived mainly from the International Genealogical Index (IGI), 
the Staffordshire Marriage Index (SMI) and the Staffordshire Burial Index (SBI).  
The Oct/Nov 2000 revisions owe much to valuable input by Hilary Taylor and David 
Leese, both of whom are descended from the Samuel Beardmore and Lydia (neé Oakes) 
detailed below.  Details of U S descendants have been received from Nancy Rathbun
and Suellen Beardmore.  It is an attempt to identify family lines in the Checkley/
Tean area from the earliest records through to around the commencement of Civil 
Registration in 1837.  I have taken each identified marriage and the apparent 
children of that marriage and numbered them as a family group, running in chrono-
logical order of marriages.  I have used numbers in square brackets to then link 
the family groups into possible/probable ancestral lines - a number before a name 
refers back to the group of which that person was either a child or was the father, 
a number after a name refers forward to that person's marriage family group.  
Obviously, more than a few of my links are quite speculative.  I have also tried 
to relate burials to the individuals concerned.  Sometimes this has been quite 
straightforward, at others not.  Words in double quotes are additional detail from 
the transcripts I have used, which were themselves copied from the original parish 
registers, and which will serve to support (or make clear the dubious nature of) 
my conjectures.

Parish Registers for the church of St Mary and All Saints, Checkley, exist from 1625.
The IGI contains extracts (not necessarily complete) from the baptism registers from 
1661-1867 and marriage registers 1661-1897.  The SMI covers 1626-1837 and SBI 1626-
1837. As will be seen, there was an independent church, Providence Chapel, at Upper 
Tean, from 1778, but its surviving Register only runs from 1803-1837 - this has been 
extracted, probably complete, for the IGI.  There was also an Ebenezer Chapel from 
1808, Primitive Methodists from 1823 and Wesleyans from 1833.  Records for the first 
exist only from 1822-1830, none at all are known for the latter two.

All entries refer to St Mary & All Saints, Checkley, unless stated.

1	John BEARDMORE = ? Grace - ? - 	No marriage in the indexes
		Grace buried 2 Apr 1657 "wife of John of Over Tean"
	Ralph, buried 20 Apr 1648 "son of John of Teane"

1A	Henry BANISTER = Catherine BEARDMORE, 5 Feb 1631/2

John and Catherine were possibly siblings

2	Francis BEARDMORE = Isabel ARNOLD, 16 May 1674	John bur 12 Sep 1716
		Isabella in IGI, Isabell when bur 17 May 1708 "wife of Ffrancis"
	Sara, bap 12 Feb 1675

3	John BEARDMORE = Mary - ? -	Possibly a second marriage for John of [1], 
						or perhaps a son of his
	John, bap 8 Aug 1675, bur 20 Nov 1675 "son of John"
	Grace, bap 13 Feb 1676

4	Thomas BEARDMORE, of Cheadle = Mary AMATT, 1 Feb 1701/2
		Thomas bur 2 May 1729, Mary bur 17 Aug 1726
	Aron, bap 6 Dec 1702 (IGI has Aron bap in both Chebsey & Checkley this day)
	Dorothy, bap 28 May 1704 (IGI has Dorothy bap in both Chebsey & Checkley 
								this day)
	Moses, bap 21 Jan 1710

An Elizabeth BEARDMORE, "wife of Thomas of Checkley" was bur 22 Feb 1728 
at Cheadle - possibly a second wife

5	George BEARDMORE = Ellen (? GREENE, 10 May 1704 at Milwich)
			George bur 24 Dec 1757, Ellen bur (as Hellen) 29 Oct 1740
	John, bap 7 Mar 1706  [6]

6	[5] John BEARDMORE, of Checkley = Mary PLATT, of Checkley, 27 Mar 1731 at 
		Milwich		John bur 30 Mar 1773, Mary bur 15 Apr 1788
	Ann, bap 1 Apr 1731
	John, bap 1 Jan 1732 [7] then [9]
	George, bap 20 Oct 1734, bur 12 Sep 1740 "son of John and Mary"
	Samuel, bap 13 Feb 1736 [8]
	Jane, bap 25 Feb 1738
	William, bap 4 Jul 1741
	Rachel, bap 15 Oct 1743
	Sarah, bap 22 Aug 1746 = Joseph WETTON, 12 May 1777
	Mary, bap 1 Aug 1749
	Eliz, bap 16 Sep 1755

7	[6] John BEARDMORE, blacksmith, of Checkley [9] = Agnes PERRY, spinster,
		6 Feb 1758, at Draycott-in-the-Moors, by Licence
			Agnes "of Checkley" bur Draycott 24 May 1763
	Samuel, bap 11 Feb 1759 [10]

8	[6] Samuel BEARDMORE = Lydia OAKES, 4 Apr 1768
		Samuel bur 6 Jun 1786, Lydia bur 15 Sep 1834, "age 85, widow"
	William, bap 6 Jan 1769 [16] (but William [16] is more likely the child of [9])
	Samuel, bap 15 Sep 1771 [15]
	John, bap 27 Dec 1774 [17] (but could be [14] or [18])
	Rachel, bap 2 Feb 1778, bur 19 Nov 1779 "daughter of John and Lidia"
	Rachel, bap 13 Sep 1781= John CARTER, of Leigh, 3 Nov 1806
	Mary, bap 4 Mar 1785 = William MASON "widower" 24 Feb 1813, or
				Daniel RUSHTON, "widower of Alfreton" 9 Mar 1818

Also there is Elizabeth, daughter of Lydia, bap 17 Jun 1794 (bur 4 Jun 1824 
"aged 30 of Over Tean" or = Thomas HOPKINSON, 20 Aug 1825, by Licence), 
who thus seems to have been conceived and born after Samuel's death

9	[7] John BEARDMORE = Elizabeth FROST, 23 Jul 1768	John's second marriage
		John died 24 Feb 1804 "aged 71" (detail from his gravestone),
		Elizabeth bur 9 May 1815 "widow, aged 78 of Upper Tean"
	John, bap 30 Jul 1769 [14] (bur could be [17] or [18])
	William, bap 5 Jul 1772 [16] (but William [16] might be the one of [8])

10	[7] Samuel BEARDMORE, blacksmith = Sarah INGLES, spinster, 7 Jul 1781
					Sarah bur 24 Mar 1833 "age 73, of Over Tean"
	Elizabeth, bap 7 Apr 1782 = John JOHNSON, 16 May 1802
	Samuel, bap 11 Jul 1784 [19] then [20] then [28]
	Agnes, bap 15 Jul 1787 (but no father's name in IGI extract, which may indicate
		illegitimate child of another Sarah) = William MASON, 30 Mar 1807
	Ann, bap 28 Feb 1790 = Joseph FAULKNER, of Cheadle, bachelor, 18 Aug 1808, 
		by Licence, bride married "with consent of parents"
	John, bap 7 Jul 1793 [21] then [25]
	Helen, bap 18 Jan 1802 = John HOBSON, 1 Apr 1823 (bride's name Ellen)
	Henry, bap 20 May 1804 [24]

11	Michael BEARDMORE, of Kingsley = Elizabeth COLCLOUGH, of Chebsey, 1 May 1779, 
		at Chebsey, Licence		Michael bur 12 Aug 1823 at Burslem
	Mary, bap 30 Jul 1780 at Kingsley
	Ann, bap 28 Apr 1782 at Kingsley
	John, bap 26 Sep 1784 = Martha - ? -
	Thomas, bap 5 Jun 1786 = Sarah HAWKINS, 27 Dec 1808, at Stafford
	Elizabeth, bap 24 Aug 1788
	Margaret, bap 11 Jan 1791 = Thomas PICKEN, 13 Mar 1804, at Stafford
	Michael, bap 19 Aug 1792, [22]
	William, bap 18 Jan 1794

This Michael seems to have been a short-term resident on the Checkley scene, 
staying from around 1784 until somewhere between 1793 and 1800.

At around this time there are also two events which cannot be fitted in with 
any of the identified family groups:

Samuel COPE = Sarah BEARDMORE, 24 Feb 1783

Thomas BEARDMORE, bur 10 Apr 1793 at Kingsley, "from the parish of Checkley".

12	Samuel BEARDMORE = Alice MELLOR, 31 Jan 1789	IGI also gives 25 Jan 1789
	George, bap 18 Oct 1789, Cheadle
	John, bap 26 Oct 1794, Cheadle
	Samuel, bap 5 Jan 1798, Cheadle
	Thomas, bap 6 Feb 1801, Cheadle, [26] (but Thomas [26] is more likely the 
								child of [14]

It is presumed that Alice was a Checkley resident and that was why the couple were 
married there, then took-up residence in Samuel's presumed parish of Cheadle.

13	George BEARDMORE, blacksmith, of Ingestre = Sarah HOLT, spinster, 2 Mar 1788,
		Stoke-on-Trent, Licence
	 		George bur 8 Sep 1821 "age 62, blacksmith of Tean", 
			Sarah bur 30 Jun 1801 "age 35, wife of George"
	Jane, bap 16 Sep 1792, bur 10 Aug 1793 "age 11 months, of Upper Tean"

This George is another apparent new entrant upon the Checkley scene

14	[8] or [9] ([9] considered most likely) John BEARDMORE = Dorothy FROST, 
			9 Feb 1793	IGI also has the marriage at Uttoxeter
			John bur 13 Aug 1816 "age 48, of Over Tean", 
			Dorothy bur 1 Mar 1811 "age 39, wife of John of Tean"
	William, bap 4 Aug 1793
	Sarah, bap 3 Oct 1794 = William TURNER, bachelor, agricultor, 8 Jul 1816 or
		Thomas EMERY, bachelor, of Nether Tean (bride also of Nether Tean), 
		3 Nov 1824 	Sarah may be the mother of the apparently illeg. Ann, 
		(father named as John HIBS), bap 3 Sep 1818
	Alice, bap 26 Mar 1800 = John COLCLOUGH, bachelor, of Stone, 13 Dec 1825
	Thomas, bap 7 Nov 1802 [26] (but Thomas [26] might be the child of [12])
	James, bap 12 May 1805, bur 3 Jan 1829 "age 23, blacksmith of Over Tean"
	Joseph, bap 8 Apr 1807, bur 27 Dec 1830 "age 23, of Over Tean"
	Harriet, bap 13 Mar 1810 = Joseph PERKINS, bachelor, of Lower Tean 
		(bride also of Lower Tean), 6 Feb 1832

15	[8] Samuel BEARDMORE, bachelor, soj (? sojourner), of Dilhorne = Ann ALSOP, 
		spinster, 23 Oct 1797, Licence. 
		(The IGI has the bride's name as ALLSOP and the marriage taking place 
		at Uttoxeter)  Samuel later owned and lived at 'The Duke of Wellington' 
		inn, across the road from the forge.  He died on 5 Feb 1848.
	children:- (all baptised at Dilhorne, with father as 'smith' or 'blacksmith' 
			and mother as Ann, "of Blythe Marsh")
	Ann, bap 26 Oct 1799 (IGI has 25 Oct 1799) = James AUSTIN, 24 Dec 1825 at 
		Stoke on Trent
	Mary, bap 26 Oct 1799 (IGI has 25 Oct 1799) = Thomas SMITH, 29 Mar 1831
	Charlotte, bap 15 Apr 1804.  Died 2 Mar 1886, unmarried, in Cheadle
	Samuel, bap 14 Apr 1807
	Thomas, bap 25 Jul 1808 [29]
	Jane, bap 6 Nov 1810 = Joseph MOORE, 3 Jan 1836, at Stoke on Trent
	William, bap 5 Jun 1815 = Catherine BRIDGWOOD, 28 Apr 1842, at Stone
	Martha, bap 7 Jun 1818
	Sarah, bap 10 Feb 1822 = J BOSFIELD
	Anthony, bap 5 Oct 1823 = Louisa DUNN, 27 Mar 1847, at Stone 
		(IGI has groom name as Anthony BEARDMAN)

16	[8] or [9] ([9] considered most likely) William BEARDMORE = Charlotte HORDERN, 
		1 Jan 1798 	IGI has bride surname as HORDEM
		William died 17 Nov 1826 "age 55, blacksmith of Over Tean" 
			(from a gravestone),
		Charlotte bur 20 May 1809 "age 29, wife of William"
	Samuel, bap 15 Jan 1803
	John, bap 19 May 1805
	Beatrice, bap 28 Mar 1807 = William LIMER, bachelor, 5 Feb 1833
	James Devie, bap 5 Mar 1809 [31]

17	[8] or [9] ([8] considered most likely) John BEARDMORE = Ann - ? - No marriage 
		found in indexes		John bur 13 Apr 1829 "age 54, blacksmith"
	Mary, bap 29 Nov 1801 = Isaac SHENTON, widower, 5 Aug 1821  May be the Mary, 
		mother of apparently illeg. Charlotte bap 5 Oct 1818
	Ann, bap 31 May 1807, bur 8 Jul 1809 "age 2"
	Hannah, bap 30 Dec 1809, bur 22 Aug 1816 "age 6, of Over Tean"

18	possibly [8] or [9] John BEARDMORE = Mary BLOOD, 22 Oct 1803
		Mary bur 18 Nov 1823 "age 52, of Over Tean" (but could be Mary 
		of [20])
	Ann, bap 21 Jun 1805, bur 23 Aug 1813 "age 8, of Nether Tean"
	Thomas, bap 14 Jun 1806, bur 9 Feb 1807 "age 7 months"
	William, bap 17 Dec 1807
	Mary, bap 3 Jun 1811, bur 10 Mar 1816 "age 4, of Nether Tean"
	Sarah, bap 14 Jun 1813
	Ann, bap 26 Mar 1815
	John, bap 1 Apr 1817
	Mary Ann, bap 9 Jul 1819
	Elizabeth, bap 16 Mar 1822, bur 20 Feb 1823 "age 11 months, of Nether Tean"
	George, bap 26 Dec 1823

19	[10] Samuel BEARDMORE [20] = Mary KIRKLAND, 22 Sep 1805
		Mary bur 13 Dec 1809 "age 24, wife of Saml of Tean"
	Edwin, bap 13 Jul 1806 [27]
	Emma, bap 12 Dec 1808, bur 11 Mar 1809 "age 3 months"

20	[19] Samuel BEARDMORE, widower, of Checkley [28] = Mary EVANS, 1 Feb 1812, 
		at Croxden, by Banns
		Mary bur 18 Nov 1823 "age 52, of Over Tean" (but could be Mary 
		of [18])
	John, bap 11 Aug 1817, bur 3 Oct 1817 "age 7 weeks, of Upper Tean"
	Charlotte, bap 5 Oct 1818 (but might be the illegitimate child of Mary at [17])

21	[10] John BEARDMORE [25] = Elizabeth MILNER, 6 Feb 1815    
				Elizabeth bur 4 Jun 1824 "age 30, of Over Tean"
	John, bap 10 Nov 1815, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean = Harriet
		WILLIAMS, 27 Oct 1851, St Peter & St Paul, Aston, Warks
		Groom: age 35, bachelor, Office Clerk, of Bordesley
		Bride: age 21, spinster, no occupation, of Bordesley
	Agnes, bap 27 May 1817, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean, then 
		apparently bap again 15 Jun 1817 at Checkley, St Mary & All Saints,
		believed marr Stoke-on-Trent, Jun Qtr 1843
	Mary, bap 20 Mar 1820, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean
	Elizabeth, bap 17 Mar 1822, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean,
		bur 20 Feb 1823, at Checkley, "aged 11 months, of Nether Tean"
	William, bap 26 Oct 1823, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean [33]

22	[11] Michael BEARDMORE = Martha MATHER, 21 Feb 1819	IGI has both MATHER
			and MATHEW
		Michael bur 11 Aug 1834 "age 42, of Whitley, Hollington"
	children:- (presumed children of this couple, though all three baptism 
			extracts give mother's name as Mary)
	Ann, bap 14 Apr 1822
	Elizabeth, bap 24 Apr 1826
	Margaret, bap 2 Sep 1832

23	Edward BEARDMORE = Elizabeth MORREY, 1 Jan 1822	
		Edward bur 25 Apr 1822 "age 22, blacksmith of Over Tean"
	Edward, bap 16 Oct 1822  May be the Edward of Upper Tean, joiner, who died there
		21 Oct 1857, with Letters of Administration granted to his widow Ann on 
		16 Jan 1866

Another seeming newcomer to Checkley.  However, there are a number of burials, all 
pointing to births in the late 1790s, none of which fit any previous family group, 
and Edward may be from this 'unknown' group.  It is possible this family were 
non-conformists and may have been early Providence Independent attenders, with the 
baptisms pre-dating the known Register, which does not commence until 1803.  The 
unattributed burials are:

	William, bur 18 Apr 1795 "infant of 6 months"
	Ann, bur 27 Apr 1800 "age 8, of Nether Tean"
	George, bur 29 Sep 1811 "age 11, of a lingering illness"
	Jane, bur 23 May 1823 "spinster, age 24, of Over Tean"
	Rosanna, bur 23 May 1820 "age 45, of Over Tean" (possibly the mother 
		of this group - if it is a group)

24	[10] Henry BEARDMORE = Alice ROBINSON, 9 Jul 1823
	Henry, bap 21 Nov 1824, bur 21 May 1826 "age 18 months, of Over Tean"
	Isaac, bap 5 Feb 1826, bur 3 May 1826 "age 15 weeks, of Over Tean"
	William Henry, bap 19 Apr 1827 [31]
	George, bap 27 Mar 1829, bur 30 Mar 1829 "age 3 days, of Upper Tean"
	Samuel, bap 17 May 1830
	Helen, bap 27 May 1832
	John, bap 11 Oct 1834
	Hannah, bap 7 May 1837
	Herbert, bap 22 Mar 1840
	Joseph, bap 25 Mar 1842

25	[21] John BEARDMORE, widower, of Over Tean = Ann FOWELL, spinster, of Over Tean,
		12 Oct 1824
	Thomas, bap 2 Oct 1825, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean
	Alice, bap 9 Feb 1828, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean, 
		bur 11 Feb 1828 "4 days, of Upper Tean"
	John George, bap 3 Jul 1829, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean (IGI
		gives both this date and 5 Jul)
	Ann, bap 28 Aug 1831, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean
	Salley, bap 11 May 1834, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean
	Henry, bap Sep 1836, at Providence Independent Chapel, Over Tean

26	[12] or [14] ([14] considered most likely) Thomas BEARDMORE, of Upper Tean =
		Hannah BAXTER, of Upper Tean, 14 Feb 1825
	Elizabeth, bap 1 Jan 1826

27	[19] Edwin BEARDMORE = Mary SHINGLER, 11 Aug 1825, at Draycott-in-the-Moors
	Edwin, bap 13 May 1833
	Mary, bap 9 Apr 1838
	Henry, bap 8 Nov 1840
	Samuel, bap 6 Nov 1842

28	[20] Samuel BEARDMORE, widower = Mary ROBINSON, spinster, 21 Sep 1828  
			IGI has Mary HOROBIN

29	[15] Thomas BEARDMORE = Prudence WESTON, 20 Oct 1834, at Dilhorne. 
		Both of Dilhorne.	Thomas died 1889, Prudence died 1898
	children:- (all baptised at Dilhorne)
	Herbert, bap 11 May 1834 (as Herbert WESTON, son of Prudence)
	Samuel, bap 2 Oct 1836 = Emma BETTANY
	Ann, bap 6 May 1838
	Elizabeth, bap 1 Nov 1840
	Thomas, bap 30 Oct 1842
	Sarah, bap 25 May 1845
	Mary, bap 11 Apr 1847
	Anthony, bap 22 Jul 1849
	Martha, bap 11 Apr 1852 = Rupert Mellor JOHNSON, 7 Dec 1872, at Cheadle
	Elisha, bap 7 May 1854
	William, bap 18 May 1856 = Elizabeth KEATES, 1879
	Joseph, bap 29 May 1859
	Unnamed male, born and died 1862

30	George BEARDMORE, of Croxden = Lydia WETTON, 29 Dec 1834, by Licence

31	[16] James BEARDMORE = Ann - ? -
	John, bap 29 Apr 1828

32	William Henry BEARDMORE = Elizabeth - ? -
	Alice, bap 22 Dec 1850, at Upper Tean

33	[21] William BEARDMORE, bachelor, blacksmith (father John, blacksmith) = 
		Sarah FAULKNER, spinster (father Thomas, tailor), 31 Oct 1847, 
		St Martin, The Bull Ring, Birmingham
		Groom and bride both of Ryland Street, Birmingham
	William, born 5 Apr 1849, at Tean = Eliza A SADLER, 2 Dec 1874, Allamakee
		County, Iowa, USA, then Mary Elizabeth SADLER, in 1883
	Agnes, bap 2 May 1851, in Birmingham = John GILCHRIST (in USA)
	Alfred Edward, bap 9 Jun 1853, in Birmingham = Emma Jane BULMAN,
		23 Feb 1882, Allamakee County, Iowa, USA
	Ann Elizabeth, born or bap 6 Oct 1855, in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA,
		died 29 Oct 1855, at Wheeling
	Mary, born or bap 6 Oct 1855, in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA,
		died 17 Dec 1857, at Wheeling
	Benjamin Thomas Lynn, born or bap 16 Mar 1858, in Wheeling, West Virginia,
		USA, died 30 Jun 1931, in Allamakee County, Iowa, USA
	John F, born or bap 15 Apr 1860, in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA = Julia
		SULLIVAN, Mar 1894
	Laura Christobelle, born or bap 27 Mar 1862, in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA
		= Joseph SADLER, 30 Jun 1885
	Ambrose S, born or bap 14 Mar 1864, in Wheeling, West Virginia, USA,
		died 11 Apr 1890, in Allamakee County, Iowa, USA
	James Harvey, born or bap 3 Jan 1869, in Allamakee County, Iowa, USA
		= Louisa Ashbacher SADLER, 7 Apr 1903

It may be seen that this is apparently the third time in which a Beardmore-Faulkner
marriage occured.

At the 1851 Census this family was at HO 107/2051, 3 House, 3 Court, Ryland Street
North, Birmingham Ladywood
	William BEARDMORE       Head    Marr    29    Engine Smith    Checkley
	Sarah BEARDMORE         Wife    Marr    25    -               Checkley
	William BEARDMORE       Son     -        1    -               Checkley
	William FAULKNER        Lodger  Unm     22    Labourer        Checkley
	John FAULKNER           Lodger  Unm     20    Engine Fitter   Checkley

It seems likely that the two 'lodgers' were Sarah's younger brothers. 

William sailed to the USA in February 1853, his wife and three children following
later that year.  Initially settled in West Virginia, they moved to Iowa some ten
or more years later, where Sarah died on 24 Mar 1896 and William on 28 Jan 1917.

The following Checkley events cannot be tied to any specific family group:

	Elizabeth BEARDMORE, daughter of Eliza, bap 26 Nov 1843
	Sarah BEARDMORE, daughter of William and Patience, bap 6 Jun 1824
	William BEARDMORE, son of Thomas and Louisa, bap bap 23 Dec 1838
	Thomas PERKIN, bachelor = Maria BEARDMORE, spinster, 17 Mar 1817

With the introduction of Civil Registration in mid-1837, Checkley fell into Cheadle
Registration District.  The sub-districts were Alton, Dilhorne and Ipstones, all of
which, along with many of the ecclesiastical parishes included, had one or more 
Beardmore families.  It is thus almost impossible to pick out the specifically 
Checkley/Tean events in the birth, marriage and death indexes, especially as, at that
time, the birth indexes did not include the mother's maiden name, marriage indexes 
did not include the spouse surname, and death indexes did not give an age.  The main 
ways to take matters further is by scrutiny of the post-1837 parish registers and 
local non-conformist registers, also by searching out families in the various Census 
records, as well as checking for any deposited records at Staffordshire Record Office
and the William Salt Library, also the Birmingham & Midlands Society for Genealogy 
and Heraldry. I have not yet undertaken any of this type of research for the Checkley

Any additional, confirmative or corrective input to the above will be very welcome.

Richard Goring
April 2000
Rev. Oct 2000
Rev. Nov 2000
Rev. Mar 2001

Back to Article list

A Succession of Johns (Beardmores of Uplands, Fareham, Hants)

As outlined in Burke's Landed Gentry (see Beardmore Coats of Arms, above), there were a string of John Beardmores ending with a 19th Century resident of Fareham, Hants. The earliest mentioned by Burke is a John of Somerset, who may perhaps be a descendant of the medieval group referred to in Where Are We From, above. This John probably lived in the mid-late 17th Century. I have not yet been able to follow-up this line, and so must rely on Burke's statement that this John had a son, also John, and he in turn had an only son John, born 1751. This last John married Maria Margaret Parke, eldest daughter of John and Hannah Parke. None of these marriages or christenings appears to be in the IGI, nor have they turned up in other sources, so I do not know where or when the events took place.

John and Maria Margaret had an only son, John yet again, born 8 Sep 1816 at 14 Bolton Street, off Piccadilly, London. The family is understood to have had interests in shipping, and the Piccadilly address suggests that interest was successful and profitable. This John was enrolled at Eton College in 1830, believed to be the only Beardmore ever to have attended that school, and progressed to Jesus College, Cambridge, as a Fellow Commoner in 1834, where he gained an MA. He seems to have been interested in rowing, as he gave the largest subscription (£3) in a collection for a new boat. He was admitted at Lincoln's Inn in 1836 and was called to the Bar in 1842, when his address was given as Uplands, Fareham.

Before entering the legal profession, John took a 'Grand Tour' in 1835, through Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands, in company with an aunt. He kept a daily journal describing the tour and incidents along the way. This journal was found on a Salisbury Market stall in the 1960s, and fortunately its finder appreciated its worth. It is now in the safekeeping of the Fareham Local History Society. The journal records that John's 20th birthday was celebrated on the Rhine, between Rhudesheim and Rheinfels Castle. There are many references to bands and other musical performances heard along the way, including details of specific instruments, indicating a strong musical interest. There are also some knowledgeable references to arms and armour displayed in a German castle, and the study and collection of such was certainly a passion in John's life. It is thought that his father had acquired Uplands, a country house built around 1780 for Samuel Jellicoe, a former Royal Navy Purser and grandfather of Admiral Earl Jellicoe. Built of white brick, it was set in some 100 acres and included an artificial lake with ornamental island. It was enlarged on the west side, in the style of the original, about 1840, and housed young John's significant collection of arms and armour.

In 1844 he edited A Catalogue of Arms and Armoury at Uplands, and a copy of this large (close to A3 size) book was presented to Winchester County Library by Sir George Cooper, Bart., and still survives, in excellent condition. Amongst the lithographs, one shows the 45 x 25 ft Dining Hall with ceiling bosses, wall ornaments and fireplace. Another shows the Gallery, 50 x 10 ft, where European weapons and armour were displayed. Yet another is of a 24 x 18 ft room off the Dining Hall, where Asiatic armour and arms were kept. The armoury comprised crossbows, wood bows, hunting horns, pikes, halbards, guns, muskets, swords, daggers, claymores, partisans, Waterloo trophies, flags, banner poles and shields. A superb and substantial collection, covering several centuries.

In 1895 part of the collection was given to "the South Kensington Museum" (presumably the V&A - Victoria and Albert Museum) and the remainder sold at auction at Christie's in 1920. There were miniature, coloured enamel shields set in the panels around the Ballroom (which may have been the same room as the Dining Hall referred-to above), but these were apparently ruined by would-be thieves.

Although Burke states that John became High Sheriff of Hampshire in 1846, no evidence for this has come to light. However, in that year he was enrolled as a Lieutenant in the South or Second Regiment of Militia for the County of Southampton. He married Mary Ann(e) Ridge at St Mary Magdalen, Richmond, Surrey on 29 Aug 1854. They had two children, a son (John, of course!) on 7 May 1856 and daughter Frances Eleanor on 17 May 1858, both born at Uplands. On their birth certificates, John's occupation is given not as a Barrister-at-Law, but as Captain in the Hampshire Militia Artillery. Perhaps he had ceased practicing at the Bar by then?

John died at Uplands on 3 Jan 1861, at the comparitively young age of 44. He is buried in the local churchyard, where his gravestone incorrectly gives the year of death as 1863 on both sides! The stone also records the death at Uplands on 15 Aug 1854 of his aunt and wife's sister, Frances Margaret Parke, aged 65. She seems to have been the aunt who accompanied him on his 'Grand Tour', referred-to in the journal as 'F P', and after whom his daughter was probably named. It is likely that she enjoyed favour with John and his wife and may even have lived-in at Uplands. The headstone also records the death of John's son.

John junior died tragically at the age of 19. He was accompanying a friend who had been ill, aboard the S.S. 'Dante', bound for Bombay with a cargo of rails, flax, spinning machinery and fine goods. On 29 Dec 1875, in the Small Roads, off Land's End, Cornwall, she was in collision with the Norwegian barque 'Gonsvaer', and sank within ten minutes. 'Gonsvaer' succeeded in reaching Liverpool, having picked-up eight survivors, but young John Beardmore was not among them. His death brought the male line to an end.

In more recent times, Uplands has served Hampshire County Council as an old people's home, all but a couple of acres of the grounds being sold off. I do not yet know what happened to Mary Ann(e), who is not mentioned on her husband's gravestone, nor to their other child, Frances Eleanor, although an entry in the General Register Office indexes point to her marriage, registered in Kensington Registration District in the September Quarter, 1878, ref. 1a/13. Any information on them, or any of the earlier Johns and their spouses (Burke indicates Maria Margaret died in Aug 1848), will be very welcome.

[I am indebted to Joan Renton of Locks Heath, Hants, who uncovered much of the foregoing in the course of research on my behalf in 1994]

Back to Article list

Clerics, Scholars, Soldiers - and a Dentist (Scrope and other Berdmore forenames)

The Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 lists four Berdmore sons of an Edward Beardmore, of the city of Worcester. Their given ages at matriculation fit well with children of the same names baptised mostly at St Swithin, Worcester, as recorded in the IGI. The Edward mentioned may at some time have been a cleric, and appears to have married twice - firstly to Elizabeth Belaford or Bedford, at St Swithin on 28 Feb 1624, then to Sible Tyms, also at St Swithin, on 5 May 1660. Altogether, 15 IGI baptisms seem to be Edward's children.

The four who studied at some time at Oxford are John (born c.1647), Edward (c.1665), Thomas (c.1670) and Samuel (c.1677). John matriculated from St John's College in 1664, gained his BA from Magdalen in 1667 and is believed to have become Rector of Branston, Lincs, in 1668, of Erwarton, Suffolk, in 1673, of Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, in 1681 and of Whitwell, Derbys, in 1691. Edward matriculated from Magdalen Hall in 1683 and nothing further is known of him. Thomas matriculated from Trinity in 1690, gained his BA in 1693 and an MA from King's College in 1718. In the meantime he seems to have become Vicar of Framfield, Sussex, in 1701, of Aldenham, Herts, in 1704, of Watford, Herts, in 1713 and of St Mary, Nottingham, in 1730.

Thomas married Anne Hall and children of that marriage were Thomas and Edward, baptised at Aldenham in 1708 and 1710 respectively, and Silvester and William, baptised at Watford in 1715 and 1718. No later events have yet been found for any of these children except Edward, who matriculated from St John's in 1728 and went on to a Bachelor of Civil Law in 1735 and his Doctorate in 1741.

The fourth son of the 17th Century Edward of Worcester, Samuel, matriculated from Merton College in 1693, gained his BA in 1697 and an MA from King's in 1706. He became Vicar of St Mary, Nottingham, in 1708, Prebendary of Southwell in 1713, Rector of Lambley, Notts, in 1714, of Holme Pierrepoint, Notts, in 1719, of Cotgrave, Notts, in 1722 and a Canon of York in 1735. He held several of these posts at the same time, and was onetime Chaplain to Evelyn, Duke of Kingston. He married Martha Scro(o)pe on 8 Jul 1701 at St Mary the Virgin, Aldermanbury, London. The licence for this marriage was issued against the 'allegation' of a Mathew Beardmore, undoubtedly the same Mathew, lace-maker, who married Isabella Mason at St Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, in 1702 (and whose son, Thomas, born c.1704, matriculated from Lincoln College in 1722 and gained his MA ten years' later), and possibly the Matthew Berdmore (or his son) who with wife Mary had a daughter Mary baptised at South Moreton, Berks, in 1679 and two Elizabeths baptised in London, one in 1681 and the second in 1686.

Samuel and Martha had a number of children, all baptised at St Mary, Nottingham: Scrope (born 1708), Edward (c.1710), William (c.1712) and Elizabeth (c.1717). They also had Mathew (baptised at Totteridge 6 Jan 1704 and buried four days later), Martha (c.1707), Lucy (c.1712) and Mary (c.1714). It is possible that he married a second time, as there are a string of children of a Samuel and Elizabeth (possibly neé Monille) all baptised at Mansfield, Notts, between 1723 and 1738. Samuel died on 24 Mar 1742/3.

Samuel's first son, Scrope (it sometimes appears in the records as Scroope) matriculated from Merton College in 1724, gained his BA in 1728, MA in 1732, BD in 1738 and DD in 1742. He followed his father as Vicar of St Mary, Nottingham, in 1743 and was also Vicar of Sneiton & Wollaton and Rector of Holme Pierrepoint and of Adbolton. He remained in charge of St Mary until his death in 1770 and is buried there. His portrait hangs in the church. He was first married to Mary (surname unknown) until her death in 1745, then to Genevova de L'Angle. By Mary he had Thomas (born c.1742 and baptised at Cotgrave), John (c.1743) and apparent twins Hannah and Rachel (also c.1743, all baptised at Holme Pierrepoint) and Scrope (1744). The latter was baptised at St Mary, and matriculated from Merton in 1762, gaining his BA in 1766, MA 1769, BD 1777 and DD 1785. He became a Proctor of the college in 1776, Warden 1790-1810 and Vice-Chancellor in 1796. It is his bookplate which is discussed above in Beardmore Coats of Arms. He died in 1814.

By Genevova, Scrope senior had Margaretta, born 1755, married Rev. Richard Davies, Vicar of Horsley, Gloucestershire, at St Mary in 1778, and a son, Evelyn, born 1756 (and died in infancy). Presumably this naming was an acknowledgement of his grandfather's chaplaincy to the Duke of Kingston in 1719.

Now skipping back to the lace-maker Mathew Beardmore and his son Thomas, mentioned above, Thomas married Martha Berdmore, daughter of Samuel, the last of the four sons in the opening paragraphs. Presumably they were cousins or otherwise related. The ceremony took place at Langar cum Barnston, Notts, in 1734, followed by a string of children - Caroline (born 1735, married Charles Greaves at Holme Pierrepoint, Notts, in 1760), Martha (c.1736), St John (1737), Samuel (1739), Thomas (1740), Rebecca (c.1741) and Isabella (c.1743). Thomas died in 1744.

Of Thomas's children, Samuel matriculated from Charterhouse School, Finsbury, London, in 1755, gained his BA from Jesus College in 1759 and an MA in 1762, and a Lambeth DD in 1777. He became both Vicar of Whittlesford, Cambs, and a Deacon of York in 1763, and was Master of his old school, Charterhouse, from 1769-91. He married Mary (or Maria) Matthews at St Phillips, Birmingham, on 6 Jun 1769 and they had one known son, Thomas, baptised in 1773 at Charterhouse Chapel. He followed his father through Charterhouse and Jesus College, gaining his BA in 1795, in which year he was admitted to Lincoln's Inn. Samuel died in London in 1802 and was buried at Charterhouse School.

Another son, Thomas, may be the Thomas Berdmore apprenticed to Mark Skelton of Sheffield, Surgeon, in 1755 for the sum of £85, since he in due course became renowned as the King's Dentist (George III). A marble plaque in the church of St Mary the Virgin, Nottingham, records how he "acquired a liberal and ample fortune by the profession of dentist. He died the 7th Novr 1785, aged 45 years". His will had directed that his epitaph show his fortune had been acquired "by tooth drawing", but the family had found that too indelicate! As early as 1768, in what seems to have been the first English dental textbook, he had proclaimed the use of sugar as being bad for the teeth.

Returning to Thomas of Lincoln's Inn, son of Samuel of Charterhouse, he married Sidney (or Sydney). Her surname is unknown and the marriage has not been found, as yet (possibly that between Mr Berdmore and Miss Reynett in The Times newspaper index for May 1798). But he was in the army, being recorded as a Barrack Master when at some baptisms and as such in the Army List 1829.

Known children and baptisms are Jane Laura (Arundel, 1800), Isabella (Milland, Sussex, 1802), Scrope (St Luke, Chelsea, 1806), Samuel Charles James (St Luke, 1807), Sidney (St Luke, 1808), Phillip Sydney (East Molesey, Surrey, 1810), Hugh Thomas Matthews (E Molesey, 1812), St John (E Molesey, 1813), William de Lisle (St Thomas, Winchester, 1815), George Edmund Lovell (St Thomas, 1818) and Augusta Elizabeth (St Thomas, 1820). Family letters which survive* mention two other possible children, Vesey and Maria. The correspondence also records that about 1840 Scrope (who may have had a second forename, Reynett), was a Lieutenant in the 20th Regiment of Foot (he had progressed to Major by the time of the Crimean War), Samuel Charles James was at Christ Church, Oxford (Alumni Oxonienses 1715-1886 has him as second son of Thomas, of Chelsea, matriculated 1825, BA 1829, MA 1832 and a student until 1838), Hugh Thomas Matthews was in the Madras Artillery, William de Lisle in the Foreign Post Office, George Edmund Lovell at London and Westminster Bank, and Vesey a Lieutenant in the 63rd Regiment of Foot. Augusta Elizabeth and Maria are mentioned as still living, but it is known that Isabella, who married Lieutenant William Clark (son of Captain William Clark, of the 6th Foot, and Ann Elphinstone) at Winchester in 1823, had died, along with her husband and presumably their baby son William Sydney (or Sidney), at Stony Hill, Jamaica, during a yellow fever outbreak in 1825.

* Clark-Weston Papers, Royal Society of Tasmania Archives, University of Tasmania, Churchill Ave., Sandy Bay, Tasmania 7005 - the collection has been catalogued/indexed and is available on the web at: - ref RS8/G4

[As with other Beardmore families detailed on this page, all and any information about any of this group and any collateral lines, descendants, etc. will be warmly welcomed by myself, and will be passed on to Elizabeth Milewicz of Tasmania, Australia, who is related to Lieutenant William Clark and who provided much of the detail herein. I am also indebted to Martin R Davies, another descendent of this group, for additions and corrections]

Back to Article list

A Far-Flung Family - England, Queensland and Ontario (and forenames Owen and Wathen)

The earliest certain ancestor of this particular Beardmore line was Joseph (1746-1829), who may have been a son of Jonathan, a hosier of Nottingham, who seemingly died before 1775, and whose parents were possibly George and Rebecca, who lived at Woodthorpe Mills, Derbys, in the 17th Century. They may also have been the parnts of Joshua, who came to London before 1750 and lived at the Barbican. He left a will when he died in 1775, which is said to be a mine of information, but I have yet to read it or a transcription. There also seems to have been at least one other son and some daughters.

Joseph had at least two brothers, William (1744-1809) and John (died 1814), but nothing else is known of them. Joseph married Mary Owen (1750-1809) , sister of the Ven. Archdeacon Owen, one time Rector of St Martin, East Horsley, Surrey, and Chaplain-General to His Majesty's Forces. Thereafter, the name Owen was frequently used as a secondary forename in succeeding generations. Joseph lived at Cheapside in his early days in London, later at Canonbury and Islington, but died at Juniper Hall, Dorking, Surrey, which he or another family member had acquired earlier. He and Mary had at least eight children: the first unknown, possibly died in infancy, then Elizabeth (1778-1831), who remained a spinster and also died at Juniper Hall, Mary (1780-1838), who married Nathaniel Wathen (both his names being given as forenames to later generations) and died in London (being buried in a vault at City Road Chapel), William (1781-1786), Joseph (1783-1823), remained a bachelor, John Owen (1785-1786), Joshua (1787-1860), who married Marianne Dorothy (sometimes Dorothea) Cox at St Mary, Nottingham, in 1812, and resided at some time at Chudleigh, Devon, and Frances (1790-1868), another spinster, also died at Juniper Hall. Both Elizabeth and Frances are buried at East Horsley, Surrey, in their Uncle Owen's vault there, but there is a memorial tablet to them in Mickleham church, near Juniper Hall. Both sisters left estates of some value. Mary has a memorial window at East Horsley.

Joshua and Marianne had eleven children, some of whom were to carry the name Beardmore overseas. Their first was Mary Owen (1813-1891), baptised at St Peter, Nottingham. Another spinster, she died at Croydon, where she had lived some years, and left an estate of over £8,000. Next was Frederick Joshua (1814-1853), who became the Australian patriarch and who was a surgeon by profession. He married Eleanor Nicholls in Maitland, New South Wales, in 1843, and is buried there, though his wife, who died 30 years later, lies in Cooktown, Queensland.

The third child was Nathaniel (1816-1872), baptised at St Mary, Nottingham. He became a Civil Engineer, with a detailed entry in the Dictionary of National Biography, which records his involvement in the River Lee (nowadays Lea, running through London's East End to the Thames) drainage and navigation. He seems to have been a favourite son and something of a dynamo within the family, being executor of several wills from at least two generations and warranting an accolade on his parents' tomb. He married Mary Bernard at Newington, Surrey, in 1841. They lived for many years at Great George Street, Westminster, and latterley at Broxbourne, Herts, where he died leaving an estate valued at close to £12,000. Mary died at Croydon in 1890, her estate valued at £8,000.

Next came George Lissant (1818-1893, the origin of his curious second name is not known). Born at Chudleigh, he became the Canadian patriarch, emigrating from England in the 1830s and setting-up a tannery at Hamilton, Ontario, later expanding into Acton, Toronto. By 1870 he was so successful that he bought a large plot of land at the corner of what is now Beverley and Dundas Streets, Toronto, and in 1875 built a large (35-room) house in the French style known as 'Second Empire', which he named 'Chudleigh'. It remained the Canadian family HQ until the 1930s, when it had to be sold as the firm suffered financially in the Great Depression. In the 1980s it was still standing and in use as the Italian Consulate. George married Elizabeth Dowker (1828-1898).

The remaining children were Joseph (1819-1852), who remained a bachelor, Clemency Marianne (1820-1872), who married Robert Warren in 1857, Frances Constance (1822-1890), who married Charles Greaves at Hemel Hempstead in 1851, John Raleigh (1823-unknown), who became an Accountant, married Elizabeth (surname unknown) and had three children, Elizabeth Pine (1825-1905, her second forename honouring an aunt's married name), who married Wharton Metcalfe in 1862, Owen Charles Joseph (or Joshua) 1827-1910, who also went to Canada, served with the Hudson's Bay Company 1846-51, later went to Australia and married three times there, and Samuel Septimus (1829-unknown).

Nathaniel the Civil Engineer had a number of children, many with distinctive forenames: Frances Mary, known as Marietta, born c.1843, who married Henry Austin Dobson at Broxbourne in 1868, Grace Avondale Constance (born 1845), married Henry Eaton at Broxbourne in 1865, Clemency Marianne (or Mary Anne), born about 1847 and believed to have remained a spinster, then Nathaniel St Bernard, another Civil Engineer who held a Government appointment as Assistant Superintendent on the Madras Harbour Board, married a Rosalind and died in Madras, India, in 1885.

Next was Charles Francis Hartshorne, who rose to Lieutenant-Colonel in the army. At some time with the Commissary Control Dept, he served in many parts of the Empire, including the Ashanti War 1873-4 and Boer War 1901, also with the Christian League Society's Ambulance in the Servo-Turkish War of 1876 and was awarded various campaign medals and clasps. He was also awarded the Royal Humane Society's Bronze Medal for saving a native from drowning in Ashanti in 1873. He married in 1877 (wife's name not known) and his only known child was Charles Leslie Halifax, who took Holy Orders and married Ethel Margaret (surname unknown). He served as a Chaplain 4th Class in World War I and was Mentioned in Despatches. His one known child was John Owen, born c.1911, who as Gunner7978 of the Federated Malay States Volunteer Force, is recorded as having died on 24 Jun 1943, presumably as a Japanese PoW, and is buried at Kanchanaburi War Cemetery, Thailand.

The remaining children of Nathaniel were Elizabeth Rachel (1851-1853), James Leslie (1854-1855), Henry Leslie (1856-1933), who attended Clare College, Cambridge, gaining a BA in 1878, MA 1886, Deacon in 1879 and Priest 1880. He was Rector of Ripple 1897-1910, of Duxford 1910-14 and is believed to have served some years in St Lucia. He must have married, as he is known to be the father of Gladys Leslie and a son who was born in 1892. Then came Emily Dora, about whom nothing is known, and finally William Lee, born 1858 at Broxbourne, another Civil Engineer, who never married and died in 1916 at Winnipeg, Canada.

Meanwhile, Frederick Joshua, the Australian patriarch, had also borne children. First was Frederick Joshua Wathen (1843-1884), who married Emily Ann Commins (or Cummins) and they had six children: Eveline Clemency (1871-1951, married T M Thomson), Frederick Joshua (1873-1968, married Margaret Kenway), Ada (1875-1964, married J W Beveridge), Frank Hoyt (1877-1954, bachelor), Ethel (1879-1885) and Ruby Mary Owen (1883-1969, spinster). Frederick Joshua Wathen was buried at Cooktown, Queensland, in 1884. His son Frederick Joshua had no children, so that particular Beardmore branch ended with that generation.

Frederick Joshua the elder's second was Francis John Wathen (1846-1913), who married Lydia Frances Street and they had nine children: possible twins Constance Eleanor (born and died 1881) and Lydia Constance (1881-1900), Francis Welch (born and died 1883), Charles Athelstone (born 1884), Edward Bernard (born 1886), Louise Maud (born 1887), Frances Emily (born 1888), Jesse Ellicott (born 1890) and Carolyn Amy (born 1892). I have reports that these last six were all alive at the time of the First World War and that Frances and Jesse lived into the 1970s, but I have no other details. For many years Francis John Wathen and Lydia Frances lived at 'Balcomba', Rockhampton, Queensland, and he is buried at Rockhampton.

Frederick Joshua's third and fourth were Frances (Fanny) Constance (1849-1933, married Ernest Carr) and Samuel Charles (? Owen) Edward, (1851-1919, a bachelor, he was born at Maitland, New South Wales, and buried at Burgessville, Queensland).

In Canada, George Lissant and Elizabeth produced six children. First was Walter Dowker, born c.1849, who married Melinda Elizabeth Williams in 1874 and they had six children: Frances Constance (1875-1956, married Charles E Kingsmill 1900 and became Lady Kingsmill), George Lissant (1877-1936, married 1905 but wife's name not known), Walter Williams (born 1880, married Katherine McKenzie 1908), Charles Owen (born 1882), Adelaide Mary Clemency (born 1885) and Everett Clement (born 1888).

Next was George Wathen (1851-1934). He remained a bachelor and after his father's death took over the family home, 'Chudleigh', at 136 Beverley Street, Toronto (described above). George's great passion was riding to hounds (and horses generally). While the Toronto Hunt was building its new premises in the 1890s, the club's hounds were kept in the stables behind 'Chudleigh'. When the club opened in 1893, George was elected to its most important position, Master of Hounds, a post which he held for the next 38 years. He was President of the Canadian National Horse Show for 18 years and Canadian Director of the International Horse Show in London for 25 years, becoming involved with the English racing set and was presented at court. 'Chudleigh' became one of the central points of the Toronto social world, with the 'set' practically fighting over invitations to its New Year's Eve parties.

Following George Wathen were Frances Elizabeth (born 1854, married Albert Angus MacDonald 1876), Adelaide Augusta (born 1857, married Harry Julius Fisk 1894), Alfred Owen (born 1859, married Jennie/Jeanie/Jane Margaret Gibb Torrance 1884 - they had Alfred Owen Torrance (born 1886), Dorothy Torrance (born 1890) and Gordon Torrance (born 1892)) and Frederick Newman (born 1871, married Helen Louise Gzowski 1902).

Of the Canadians, special mention must be made of the George Lissant, son of Walter Dowker Beardmore. Born at Toronto on 16 Jul 1877, he apparently gained an early reputation as a 'dare devil'. His mother noticed that he was developing a fine singing voice and he was sent to Europe to study singing at music academies in Dresden and Paris. However, upon returning to Toronto in the early 1900s it was made clear that he should 'settle down' and enter the family business. He became tenor soloist at the Church of the Redeemer in Toronto, and came to the notice of several concert managers. In 1907 he started accepting engagements to sing at concerts outside Toronto, and in 1908 made a successful tour of Eastern Canada. He then quit the family business and went to Europe to study as an opera singer. He made his debut on 14 May 1911 as Tannhauser in Hirschberg, Germany.

He was appearing in Berlin when the First World War broke out in 1914, and was promptly interned. Within a year he escaped and, reaching Switzerland, cabled his parents "Escaped capture. Lost everything. Enlisting." He then served with the British Secret Service and after the war bought an interest in an English opera company that toured the provinces, but never became more than moderately successful as an opera singer.

In 1930 he started taking flying lessons. The following year the Daily Mail newspaper announced a prize of £10,000 to the first man to fly across the English Channel in a glider. George determined the prize should be won by a Briton, and approached a rival newspaper, the Daily Express, owned by the Canadian Lord Beaverbrook, for sponsorship. George personally designed and supervised construction of the glider, and on 19 Jun 1931 was towed to a height of 14,000 ft above Dover by a light aircraft, then cut loose and headed for France. Despite extreme cold and thick cloud, about a half-hour later he landed safely at the small French airfield of St-Inglevert. He was then aged 53, rather stout and needed strong glasses to read the cockpit compass! The British Gliding Association refused to recognise George's achievement, because he had not made a round trip, that honour going to the Austrian, Kronfeld, for his flights on 1 Jul 1931.

George purchased a light aircraft, a Miles M2F Hawk Major, in 1934. Designed by F G Miles and built by Phillips and Powis Aircraft (later Miles Aircraft) at their Woodley factory, an airfield near Reading, west of London, it was a two-seat, all-wooden, low-wing monoplane of 33 ft wingspan, with a fixed, trousered undercarriage, powered by a 130 hp de Havilland Gipsy Major engine, giving a maximum 150 mph and cruise of 135 mph. George's aircraft was entered on the British Civil Aircraft Register as G-ACWX. He may well have kept the aircraft at Woodley, as did other Miles private owners, and it was at Hurst, not far from the airfield, that G-ACWX crashed on 2 Jun 1936, killing George.

As ever, further information on any members of this family and its descendants, will be very welcome.

[I am grateful to Pat Pickering of the Australian Capital Territory and to Tony Harris of Sheffield, England, both of whom are linked to this group, for much information herein, also to the late Dennis W Beardmore and to Shirley Lancaster, both of Canada, for contributions from their researches some years ago]

Back to Article list

Beard(s)mores of the Black Country and Beyond

In preparation - watch this space!

Back to Article list

If you are seeking any Beard(s)more information, please e-mail all the essential details you already have concerning the person or ancestral line and I will do my very best to provide a worthwhile response. You are equally welcome just to send details to add to the database. My e-mail address is: esx at goring1941 dot freeserve dot co dot uk ('tweak' the foregoing to turn it into a real e-mail address).

For details of the Guild of One-Name Studies, including an up-to-date list of other names being researched, please visit the Guild website -

Back to Top

Back to Article list

Last updated: 16 Jul 2005

Home | ROERDOWW2 | Essex War Memorials | Beard(s)more ONS | Richard's Ancestry | Jo's Ancestry | Haiku & Tanka | Postmarks | Links